Syracuse has a thousand-year history. Founded around the year 734-733 BC. at the time of the Corinthians, at the time it was counted among the largest metropolises and excelled in power and wealth even with Athens, which tried in vain to subjugate it. Homeland of artists, philosophers and men of science like Archimedes. In 212 BC was conquered by Rome. Cicero in the first century BC he described it as the “largest and most beautiful Greek city”.