Modica has Neolithic origins. Until the nineteenth century it was the capital of a county that exercised a vast political, economic and cultural influence, so much so that it was counted among the most powerful fiefdoms of the south.
Its historic center, rebuilt following the devastating earthquake of 1693, is one of the most significant examples of late Baroque architecture and for its masterpieces the city was included in 2002, together with some centers of the Val di Noto, in the list of Heritage UNESCO World Heritage Site.